Ransomware is a type of attack that uses malware to steal your data, and the only person who can decrypt it is the hacker, as he possesses specific knowledge on this issue. Hackers, therefore, ask for a ransom in return to decrypt. The malefactor can publish the user’s data or block access to that data until the payment is made. A user or victim usually receives guidance on how to make the payment and once the ransom is paid, the hacker decrypts the data, so the victim can regain access.
Here, there are some common types of ransomware.